July 30, 2014

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Algeria

Algeria

Geography

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia.
Area: Total–2,381,740 sq. km. Land–2,381,740 sq. km.; water–0 sq. km. More than three times the size of Texas.
Cities: Capital–Algiers; Oran, Constantine, Annaba.
Terrain: Mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain. Mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes, mud slides.
Climate: Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; a hot, dust/sand-laden wind called sirocco is especially common in summer.
Land use: Arable land–3%; permanent crops–0%, permanent pastures–13%; forests and woodland–2%.

Algeria, the second-largest state in Africa, has a Mediterranean coastline of about 998 kilometers (620 mi.). The Tellian and Saharan Atlas mountain ranges cross the country from east to west, dividing it into three zones. Between the northern zone, Tellian Atlas, and the Mediterranean is a narrow, fertile coastal plain–the Tel (hill)–with a moderate climate year round and rainfall adequate for agriculture. A high plateau region, averaging 914 meters (3,000 ft.) above sea level, with limited rainfall, great rocky plains, and desert, lies between the two mountain ranges. It is generally barren except for scattered clumps of trees and intermittent bush and pastureland. The third and largest zone, south of the Saharan Atlas mountain range, is mostly desert. About 80% of the country is desert, steppes, wasteland, and mountains. Algeria’s weather varies considerably from season to season and from one geographical location to another. In the north, the summers are usually hot with little rainfall. Winter rains begin in the north in October. Frost and snow are rare, except on the highest slopes of the Tellian Atlas Mountains. Dust and sandstorms occur most frequently between February and May.

Soil erosion–from overgrazing, other poor farming practices, and desertification–and the dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents are leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters. The Mediterranean Sea, in particular, is becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff. There are inadequate supplies of potable water.

People

Nationality: Noun–Algerian(s); adjective–Algerian.
Population (January 2011 official government est.): 36.3.
Annual growth rate (2010 est.): 1.177%. Birth rate (2010 est.)–16.71 births/1,000 population; death rate (2010 est.)–4.66 deaths/1,000 population.
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%.
Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%.
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber (national language), French.
Education: Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write)–total population 69.9% (2004 est.); female 60.1% (2004 est.); male 79.6%.
Health (2010 est.): Infant mortality rate–26.75 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth–total population 75.26 years; male 72.57 years; female 76.04 years.
Work force (2008): 9.464 million.
Unemployment rate (2010 est.): 30%; Algerian Government estimate 10% in February 2011.

Ninety-one percent of the Algerian population lives along the Mediterranean coast on 12% of the country’s total land mass. Forty-five percent of the population is urban, and urbanization continues, despite government efforts to discourage migration to the cities. About 1.5 million nomads and semi-settled Bedouin still live in the Saharan area.

Nearly all Algerians are Muslim, of Arab, Berber, or mixed Arab-Berber stock. Official data on the number of non-Muslim residents is not available; however, practitioners report it to be less than 5,000. Most of the non-Muslim community is comprised of Methodist, Roman Catholic and Evangelical faiths; the Jewish community is virtually non-existent. There are about 1,100 American citizens in the country, the majority of whom live and work in the oil/gas fields in the south.

Algeria’s educational system has grown dramatically since the country gained its independence. In the last 12 years, attendance has doubled to more than 5 million students. Education is free and compulsory to age 16. Despite government allocation of substantial educational resources, population pressures and a serious shortage of teachers have severely strained the system. Modest numbers of Algerian students study abroad, primarily in Europe and Canada. In 2000, the government launched a major review of the country’s educational system and in 2004 efforts to reform the educational system began.

Housing and medicine continue to be pressing problems in Algeria. Failing infrastructure and the continued influx of people from rural to urban areas have overtaxed both systems. According to the United Nations Development Program, Algeria has one of the world’s highest per housing unit occupancy rates, and government officials have publicly stated that the country has an immediate shortfall of 1.5 million housing units.

History

Since the 5th century B.C., the native peoples of northern Africa (first identified by the Greeks as “Berbers”) were pushed back from the coast by successive waves of Phoenician, Roman, Vandal, Byzantine, Arab, Turkish, and, finally, French invaders. The greatest cultural impact came from the Arab invasions of the 8th and 11th centuries A.D., which brought Islam and the Arabic language. The effects of the most recent (French) occupation–French language and European-inspired socialism–are still pervasive.

North African boundaries have shifted during various stages of the conquests. Algeria’s modern borders were created by the French, whose colonization began in 1830. To benefit French colonists, most of whom were farmers and businessmen, northern Algeria was eventually organized into overseas departments of France, with representatives in the French National Assembly. France controlled the entire country, but the traditional Muslim population in the rural areas remained separated from the modern economic infrastructure of the European community.

Algerians began their uprising on November 1, 1954 to gain rights denied them under French rule. The revolution, launched by a small group of nationalists who called themselves the National Liberation Front (FLN), was a guerrilla war in which both sides targeted civilians and used other brutal tactics. Eventually, protracted negotiations led to a cease-fire signed by France and the FLN on March 18, 1962, at Evian, France. The Evian Accords also provided for continuing economic, financial, technical, and cultural relations, along with interim administrative arrangements until a referendum on self-determination could be held. Over 1 million French citizens living in Algeria at the time, called the pieds-noirs (black feet), left Algeria for France.

The referendum was held in Algeria on July 1, 1962, and France declared Algeria independent on July 3. In September 1962 Ahmed Ben Bella was formally elected president. On September 8, 1963, a Constitution was adopted by referendum. On June 19, 1965, President Ben Bella was replaced in a non-violent coup by the Council of the Revolution headed by Minister of Defense Col. Houari Boumediene. Ben Bella was first imprisoned and then exiled. Boumediene, as President of the Council of the Revolution, led the country as Head of State until he was formally elected on December 10, 1976. Boumediene is credited with building “modern Algeria.” He died on December 27, 1978.

Following nomination by an FLN Party Congress, Col. Chadli Bendjedid was elected president in 1979 and re-elected in 1984 and 1988. A new constitution was adopted in 1989 that allowed the formation of political parties other than the FLN. It also removed the armed forces, which had run the government since the days of Boumediene, from a designated role in the operation of the government. Among the scores of parties that sprang up under the new constitution, the militant Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) was the most successful, winning more than 50% of all votes cast in municipal elections in June 1990 as well as in the first stage of national legislative elections held in December 1991.

Faced with the real possibility of a sweeping FIS victory, the National People’s Assembly was dissolved by presidential decree on January 4, 1992. On January 11, under pressure from the military leadership, President Chadli Bendjedid resigned. On January 14, a five-member High Council of State was appointed by the High Council of Security to act as a collegiate presidency and immediately canceled the second round of elections. This action, coupled with political uncertainty and economic turmoil, led to a violent reaction by Islamists. On January 16, Mohamed Boudiaf, a hero of the Liberation War, returned after 28 years of exile to serve as Algeria’s fourth president. Facing sporadic outbreaks of violence and terrorism, the security forces took control of the FIS offices in early February, and the High Council of State declared a state of emergency. In March, following a court decision, the FIS Party was formally dissolved, and a series of arrests and trials of FIS members occurred resulting in more than 50,000 members being jailed. Algeria became caught in a cycle of violence, which became increasingly random and indiscriminate. On June 29, 1992, President Boudiaf was assassinated in Annaba in front of TV cameras by Army Lt. Lembarek Boumarafi, who allegedly confessed to carrying out the killing on behalf of the Islamists.

Despite efforts to restore the political process, violence and terrorism dominated the Algerian landscape during the 1990s. In 1994, Liamine Zeroual, former Minister of Defense, was appointed Head of State by the High Council of State for a three-year term. During this period, the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) launched terrorist campaigns against government figures and institutions to protest the banning of the Islamist parties. A breakaway GIA group–the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC)–also undertook terrorist activity in the country. Government officials estimate that more than 150,000 Algerians died during this period.

Zeroual called for presidential elections in 1995, though some parties objected to holding elections that excluded the FIS. Zeroual was elected president with 75% of the vote. By 1997, in an attempt to bring political stability to the nation, the National Democratic Rally (RND) party was formed by a progressive group of FLN members. In September 1998, President Liamine Zeroual announced that he would step down in February 1999, 21 months before the end of his term, and that presidential elections would be held.

Algerians went to the polls in April 1999, following a campaign in which seven candidates qualified for election. On the eve of the election, all candidates except Abdelaziz Bouteflika pulled out amid charges of widespread electoral fraud. Bouteflika, the candidate who appeared to enjoy the backing of the military, as well as the FLN and the RND party regulars, won with an official vote count of 70% of all votes cast. He was inaugurated on April 27, 1999 for a 5-year term.

President Bouteflika’s agenda focused initially on restoring security and stability to the country. Following his inauguration, he proposed an official amnesty for those who fought against the government during the 1990s with the exception of those who had engaged in “blood crimes,” such as rape or murder. This “Civil Concord” policy was widely approved in a nationwide referendum in September 2000. Government officials estimate that 80% of those fighting the regime during the 1990s have accepted the civil concord offer and have attempted to reintegrate into Algerian society. Bouteflika also launched national commissions to study education and judicial reform, as well as restructuring of the state bureaucracy.

In 2001, Berber activists in the Kabylie region of the country, reacting to the death of a youth in gendarme custody, unleashed a resistance campaign against what they saw as government repression. Strikes and demonstrations in the Kabylie region were commonplace as a result, and some spread to the capital. Chief among Berber demands was recognition of Tamazight (a general term for Berber languages) as an official language, official recognition and financial compensation for the deaths of Kabyles killed in demonstrations, an economic development plan for the area and greater control over their own regional affairs. In October 2001, the Tamazight language was recognized as a national language, but the issue remains contentious as Tamazight has not been elevated to an official language.

The April 8, 2004, presidential election was the first election since independence in which several candidates competed. Besides incumbent President Bouteflika, five other candidates, including one woman, competed in the election. Opposition candidates complained of some discrepancies in the voting list; irregularities on polling day, particularly in Kabylie; and of unfair media coverage during the campaign as Bouteflika, by virtue of his office, appeared on state-owned television daily. Bouteflika was re-elected in the first round of the election with 84.99% of the vote. Just over 58% of those Algerians eligible to vote participated in the election.

In November 2008, the parliament adopted a set of constitutional amendments that included a removal of presidential term limits. The parliament approved the proposed amendments by a wide margin with minimal debate. President Bouteflika won a third term in the April 9, 2009, elections with, officially, 90.2% of the vote. Opposition members again complained of unfair media coverage and irregularities during voting, and some parties boycotted the vote.

In the years since Bouteflika was first elected, the security situation in Algeria has improved markedly. Terrorism, however, has not been totally eliminated, and terrorist incidents still occur, particularly in the provinces of Boumerdes, Tizi-Ouzou, and in the remote southern areas of the country. Suicide attacks against a government building and a provincial police station on April 11, 2007 killed over 20 persons. A twin suicide attack on December 11, 2007 destroyed the UN headquarters in Algiers as well as the Constitutional Council, killing at least 60 people according to some accounts. Since that time, Algerian Government counterterrorism operations have greatly limited terrorists’ capacity to conduct high-profile attacks, particularly in major Algerian cities. Nevertheless, terrorists continue to carry out lethal operations in towns and rural areas sporadically, using ambushes and roadside bombs against government and civilian targets. Terrorists also occasionally kidnap civilians to obtain ransoms to finance their operations.

In September 2005, Algeria passed a referendum in favor of President Bouteflika’s Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation, paving the way for implementing legislation that would pardon certain individuals convicted of armed terrorist violence. The Charter builds upon the Civil Concord and the Rahma (clemency) Law of the late 1990s and shields from prosecution anyone who laid down arms in response to those previous amnesty offers. The Charter specifically excludes from amnesty those involved in mass murders, rapes, or the use of explosives in public places. The window for combatants to receive amnesty expired in September 2006, though its terms may still be applied on a case-by-case basis at the discretion of the Algerian president. Approximately 2,500 Islamists were released under the Charter, many of whom may have returned to militant groups in Algeria.

Economy

GDP (2010): $159.7 billion.
GDP growth rate (2010 est.): 4.1%.
Per capita GDP (2010 est.): $4,470.
Agriculture: Products–wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle.
Industry: Types–petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing, pharmaceuticals, cement, seawater desalination.
Sector information as % GDP (2010 est.): Agriculture 8.3%, services 30.2%, industry 61.5%.
Monetary unit: Algerian dinar.
Inflation (2010 est.): 5.7%.
Trade: Exports (2010)–$56.7 billion: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97.58%. Partners (First six months of 2010 est.)–U.S. 22.67%, Italy 13.78%, Spain 10.80%, France 8.83%, Netherlands 5.67%, Canada 5.07%. Imports (2010)–$40.2 billion: capital goods, food and beverages, consumer goods. Partners (First six months of 2010)–France 16.57%, China 11.83%, Italy 9.06%, Germany 6.47%, Spain 5.88%, U.S. 5.88%.
Budget (2011): Revenues–$41.56 billion, expenditures–$47.69 billion.
Debt (external, January 1, 2010): $ 486 million.
U.S. economic assistance (2010 est.): $2.61 million (Development Assistance (DA); International Military Education and Training (IMET); Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related Programs (NADR)).

The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the Algerian economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, nearly 30% of GDP, and over 97% of export earnings. Algeria is the fourth-largest crude oil producer in Africa. In 2009 Algeria produced 2.13 million barrels per day of oil liquids, of which 1.33 million barrels per day was crude oil. Algeria has the tenth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the sixth-largest gas producer (2008). Algeria produced 3.05 trillion cubic feet of natural gas in 2008, 69% was exported. Its key oil and gas customers are Italy, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. U.S. companies have played a major role in developing Algeria’s oil and gas sector; of the $5.3 billion (on a historical-cost basis, according to statistics gathered by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis) of U.S. investment in Algeria the vast bulk is in the hydrocarbon sector.

Faced with declining oil revenues and high-debt interest payments at the beginning of the 1990s, Algeria implemented a stringent macroeconomic stabilization program and rescheduled its $7.9 billion Paris Club debt in the mid-1990s. The macroeconomic program was successful at narrowing the budget deficit and at reducing inflation from near-30% averages in the mid 1990s to almost single digits in 2000. The government reported an inflation rate of 5.7% in 2009 and an economic growth rate of 3.9%. The country’s foreign debt fell from a high of $28 billion in 1999 to $4 billion in 2008. The spike in oil prices at various times this decade, along with the government’s tight fiscal policy and positive trade surpluses based on oil exports, have led to a tremendous increase in the country’s foreign exchange reserves, which reached nearly $145 billion in 2008.

The government seeks to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector but announced several economic policies in 2008 and 2009 that would strengthen Algerian Government control over foreign investment projects. Algeria adopted a “complementary finance law” on July 22, 2009, which imposed new restrictions on foreign investment, import companies, and domestic consumer credit. The law requires a minimum of 51% Algerian partnership in new foreign investments, a 30% Algerian partnership in all foreign import companies, and payment of all imports by letters of credit opened by banks. The Algerian Government has had little success at reducing high unemployment–officially estimated at 10% in January 2009, though international estimates put the figure much higher–or at improving living standards.

Policies needed to modernize the economy and increase growth are banking and judicial reform, improving the investment environment, partial or complete privatization of state enterprises, and reducing government bureaucracy. The government has privatized or closed some state-owned enterprises in certain sectors of the economy and allowed joint venture investment in others. In 2001, Algeria concluded an Association Agreement with the European Union, which was ratified in 2005 by both Algeria and the EU and took effect in September of that same year. The government continues to expresses interest in working toward accession to the World Trade Organization.

Entry Requirements

Entry/Exit Requirements Passports and visas are required for U.S. citizens traveling to Algeria. For further information on entry/exit requirements, travelers may contact the Embassy of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria at 2137 Wyoming Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 265-2800. See our Foreign Entry Requirements brochure for more information on Algeria and other countries. Visit the Embassy of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria web site at http://www.algeria-us.org/ for the most current visa information.

In an effort to prevent international child abduction, many governments have initiated special procedures at entry/exit points. These often include requiring documentary evidence of relationship to the person traveling with the child and permission for the child’s travel from the parent(s) or legal guardian not present. Having such documentation on hand, even if not required, may facilitate entry/departure.

Current Travel Warnings for Travel to Algeria On September 14, 2007, The United States Department of State issued a Travel Warning for persons considering travel to Algeria. There is no posted expiration date for this Travel Warning.

Medical Requirements

Before visiting Algeria, you may need to get the following vaccinations and medications for vaccine-preventable diseases and other diseases you might be at risk for at your destination: (Note: Your doctor or health-care provider will determine what you will need, depending on factors such as your health and immunization history, areas of the country you will be visiting, and planned activities.)

To have the most benefit, see a health-care provider at least 4–6 weeks before your trip to allow time for your vaccines to take effect and to start taking medicine to prevent malaria, if you need it.

Even if you have less than 4 weeks before you leave, you should still see a health-care provider for needed vaccines, anti-malaria drugs and other medications and information about how to protect yourself from illness and injury while traveling.

Although yellow fever is not a disease risk in Algeria, the government requires travelers arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever virus transmission to present proof of yellow fever vaccination. If you will be traveling to one of these countries with a risk of yellow fever virus transmission before arriving in Algeria, this requirement must be taken into consideration.

Be sure your routine vaccinations are up-to-date. Check the links below to see which vaccinations adults and children should get.

Routine vaccines, as they are often called, such as for influenza, chickenpox (or varicella), polio, measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), and diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) are given at all stages of life; see the childhood and adolescent immunization schedule and routine adult immunization schedule.

Routine vaccines are recommended even if you do not travel. Although childhood diseases, such as measles, rarely occur in the United States, they are still common in many parts of the world. A traveler who is not vaccinated would be at risk for infection.

Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

Vaccine recommendations are based on the best available risk information. Please note that the level of risk for vaccine-preventable diseases can change at any time.

Vaccination or Disease

Recommendations or Requirements for Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

Routine Recommended if you are not up-to-date with routine shots such as, measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) vaccine, poliovirus vaccine, etc.
Hepatitis A or immune globulin (IG) Recommended for all unvaccinated people traveling to or working in countries with an intermediate or high level of hepatitis A virus infection where exposure might occur through food or water. Cases of travel-related hepatitis A can also occur in travelers to developing countries with “standard” tourist itineraries, accommodations, and food consumption behaviors.
Hepatitis B Recommended for all unvaccinated persons traveling to or working in countries with intermediate to high levels of endemic HBV transmission , especially those who might be exposed to blood or body fluids, have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment (e.g., for an accident).
Typhoid Recommended for all unvaccinated people traveling to or working in North Africa, especially if staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where exposure might occur through food or water.
Rabies Recommended for travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, especially in rural areas, involved in activities such as bicycling, camping, or hiking. Also recommended for travelers with significant occupational risks (such as veterinarians), for long-term travelers and expatriates living in areas with a significant risk of exposure, and for travelers involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats, carnivores, and other mammals. Children are considered at higher risk because they tend to play with animals, may receive more severe bites, or may not report bites.

Airlines

Direct from United Kingdom

AIR ALGERIE flights British Airways flights Hahn Air flights

Other airlines flying to Algeria

Air France flights Spanair flights Tunisair flights
Alitalia flights Qatar Airways flights KLM flights
Lufthansa flights Aigle Azur flights Syrian Air flights
Iberia flights EgyptAir flights Air Berlin flights
TAP flights Saudi Arabian Airlines flights LIBYAN flights
Turkish Airlines flights Royal Air Maroc flights JetairFly flights

 

Things to Do

Bardo Ethnographic and Local Art Museum and the National Museum of Fine Arts

Algiers

Two of the best museums in North Africa.

 

Zeralda

A beach resort with a holiday village and a replica nomad village.

 

The Turquoise Coast

To the east of Algiers, the Turquoise Coast offers rocky coves and long beaches within easy reach of the city, equipped with sports, cruise and watersports facilities.

 

The Sidi Fredj peninsula

The Sidi Fredj peninsula has a marina, an open-air theatre and complete amenities, including sporting facilities.

 

Oran

Along the coast from Oran, which is primarily a business centre and an oil depot, there are a number of resorts, many with well-equipped hotels. Notable beaches include Ain El Turk, Les Andalouses, Canastel, Kristel, Mostaganem and Sablettes.

 

Tamanrasset,

Picturesque Tamanrasset, situated at the heart of the Hoggar Mountains, is a large town with many hotels and restaurants. It is visited regularly by the camel caravans of les hommes bleus, blue-robed Touaregs, who are the ancient nomadic inhabitants of this wide region.

 

Tassili N’Ajjer

’Plateau of Chasms’, a vast volcanic plateau crossed by massive gorges gouged out by rivers which have long since dried out or gone underground. The Tassili conceals a whole group of entirely unique rupestrian paintings (rock paintings), which go back at least as far as the neolithic age.

 

Jardin d’Essai du Hamma (Algiers Botanical Gardens)
Algiers, Algeria, DZ, North Africa
The Botanical Gardens in Algiers are known locally as the Jardin d’Essai du Hamma and have finally reopened after a lengthy period of restoration. Established in 1832, these gardens are said to be the oldest of their kind in Algeria and are one of the capital’s top attractions.

 

Notre Dame d’Afrique (Basilica of Algiers)
Algiers, Algeria, DZ, North Africa
This impressive-looking Roman Catholic church sits overlooking the Bay of Algiers, where it is perched atop a cliff some 125 metres / 410 feet above the sea below. Built in the 19th century, its French architect employed much the same techniques and designs being used at that time in his home country.

 

Ben Aknoun Zoo
Algiers, Algeria, DZ, North Africa

The Ben Aknoun Zoo is home to numerous species of animals, which range from crocodiles, monkeys and camels to African elephants and tigers.

 

Tipaza
Tipaza, Algeria, DZ, North Africa
Algeria is home to several World Heritage Sites, including the fascinating town of Tipaza. Once a Roman military colony, Tipaza has some fascinating ruins. Nestled among trees and palms are the remains of the town’s Great Basilica, its Roman baths and amphitheatre, and numerous mosaics.

 

Restaurants

Dar Lahlou

Algiers, Algeria

Dar Lahlou is specializes in couscous, but you can also try the barley, corn or rice couscous, though Dar Lahlou also serves tagines and roasts in a place that the owners have made look like home.

 

Le Magelan

Algiers, Algeria

Seafood

 

Brasserie des Facultés

Algiers, Algeria

Algerian Food

The food side of this popular and often smoky bar fills up early and for good reason. It isn’t the cheapest place in town, but it is consistently good, with a well-priced plat du jour. Tables alongside the window are referred to as front de mer, overlooking not the beach but the passage along busy rue Didouche Mourad and the entrance to the university.

 

La Maison de Couscous

Algiers, Algeria

Algerian Food

Up by the concrete Sacré Coeur Cathedral, high up rue Didouche Mourad, this local no-frills place serves what its name says: couscous. Algerians don’t often go out to eat couscous – it’s the sort of dish your wife or mother cooks best – but they come here in numbers. No alcohol is available.

 

Tontonville Café

Algiers, Algeria

Café

 

The entrance is on the side street by the theatre. Inside this high-ceilinged canteen, popular at lunchtime, take a tray and choose from a range of dishes – perhaps a tagine, a lamb stew, or a couscous – and have drinks served. Afterwards, you can go out front and have a coffee on the terrace.

 

La Vague Bleu

Algiers, Algeria

Seafood

The owner is a fisherman who sells whatever he has caught on his boat in this dark little restaurant under the city rampart, across the road from the port. There’s not a lot of ambience and no alcohol, but the fish couldn’t be fresher and the prices are reasonable for the quality.

 

L’Arc en Ciel

Algiers, Algeria

Algerian Food

This place is particularly busy at lunchtime, when the small room fills with people from the town hall and other nearby offices, who look as though they have been coming here for years. Service is fast, food is unfussy and fish, couscous and paella are the specialities.

 

Le Brussels

Algiers, Algeria

Café

A cool café that runs all day on a Belgian theme, it serves hot chocolate and pain au chocolat (chocolate croissant) for breakfast, sugar and savoury crepes for lunch, and good coffee all day to a young crowd, most of whom come from the nearby university.

 

 

Restaurant le Faubourg

Algiers, Algeria

Algerian Food

Down a flight of steps off place Audin, this restaurant is a simple place that serves straightforward meals of soup and roast chicken on plastic tables, either in the main room (with TV) or salle familiale (family room). No alcohol is available.

 

Le Dauphin

Algiers, Algeria

Seafood

Don’t be fooled by the faux Greek exterior or the Muzak inside, this is one of the city’s best, where the freshest fish and the best wine is enjoyed by well-heeled locals and oil workers. Alcohol is served and it has a terrace.

 

Restaurant Yulmaz

Algiers, Algeria

Algerian Food

This small, bright place just off place Audin is a little more expensive than others in the alley, but it is a cut above the rest with good grills and tagines, although there’s no alcohol.

 

Auberge du Moulin

Algiers, Algeria

Algerian Food

Consistently rated the best meal in town, the old windmill, set in a beautiful garden, serves fine Franco-Algerian food with great style. There’s dining outside when the weather allows.

 

Milk Bar

Algiers, Algeria

Café

A reliable all-day food stop on place Emir Abdelkader, it’s good for a coffee and croissant, or a slice of pizza at lunch, and has pavement seating.

 

Big Blue

Algiers, Algeria

Omelettes, burgers and fries are served from this stall, just opposite the gates of the university. Extremely popular at lunch and dinner.

 

Hotels

Algiers

 

El – Aurassi Hotel

02.Bd Frantz Fanon, les Tagarins, Alger

The hotel El – Aurassi has a capacity of 455 rooms (775 beds), all roomy and comfortable. They are all equipped with a large bathroom, a mini bar, a telephone, a color tv, and air conditioning.

 

Hotel Colombe

4 stars

Hotel Colombe is located in Oran, close to Cathedrale de Sacre Coeur, Palais de la Culture, and Place du 1er Novembre. Nearby points of interest also include Dar el-Bahia and Le Theatre. Hotel Features.Dining options at Hotel Colombe include a restaurant. A complimentary buffet breakfast is served daily. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a fitness facility.

Tel: 866-538-0317

Sheraton Oran Hotel & Towers

Located in central Oran, Sheraton Oran Hotel & Towers is near the airport and close to Cathedrale de Sacre Coeur, Dar el-Bahia, and Palais de la Culture. Nearby points of interest also include Place du 1er Novembre and Le Theatre. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Oran Hotel & Towers include 5 restaurants. A swim-up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks.

Tel: 866-538-1370

 

Ibis Oran Les Falaises

3 stars

Ibis Oran Les Falaises is located in Oran, close to Cathedrale de Sacre Coeur, Dar el-Bahia, and Le Theatre. Nearby points of interest also include Place du 1er Novembre and Palais de la Culture. Hotel Features. Ibis Oran Les Falaises features secure parking, RV and truck parking, and air conditioning in public areas.

Tel: 866-538-6250

 

Ibis Alger Aéroport

2 stars

Ibis Alger Aéroport is located in Algiers, close to Aquafortland. Regional points of interest also include Monument des Martyrs and Grand Post Office. Hotel Features. Ibis Alger Aéroport features multilingual staff, currency exchange, and air conditioning in public areas. Wireless Internet access (surcharge) is available in public areas.

Tel: 866-538-0317

 

Mercure Alger Aeroport

Mercure Alger Aeroport is located in Algiers and local attractions include Aquafortland. Regional points of interest also include Monument des Martyrs and Grand Post Office. Hotel Features. Mercure Alger Aeroport features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a sauna, a fitness facility, and tennis courts.

Tel: 866-538-1370

 

Sofitel Algiers Hamma Garden

5 stars

Sofitel Algiers Hamma Garden is located in Algiers, close to Monument des Martyrs, Bardo Museum, and Grand Post Office. Nearby points of interest also include Government Palace and Place of the Emir Abdelkader. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sofitel Algiers Hamma Garden include 3 restaurants. Room service is available 24 hours a day.

Tel: 866-538-6250

 

Sheraton Club des Pins Resort and Towers

5 stars

Sheraton Club des Pins Resort and Towers is located on the beach in Algiers and local attractions include University of Algiers. Regional points of interest also include Stade 5 Juillet 1962 and Bardo Museum. Resort Features. This Algiers property has a private beach. Dining options at Sheraton Club des Pins Resort and Towers include 4 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is availabl…

Tel:866-538-9346

 

Hilton Alger

4 stars

Hilton Alger is located in Algiers and connected to the airport. Aquafortland, Monument des Martyrs, and Grand Post Office are local attractions. Additional area points of interest include Government Palace and Place of the Emir Abdelkader. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hilton Alger include 4 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor …

Tel: 866-539-5091

 

Hotel Safir Mazafran

Hotel year built – 1976 year remodeled – 1999 additional property description – hotel safir mazafran, is a renovated hotel, which reopened in march 2000. It is 15 minutes away from algiers city center and is set in one of algerias most popular resort areas, the zeralda resort. Come and try the hoggar coffee shop or bilad e cham for lebanese cuisine. Why not relax in tamgout pub or taste a traditional the

Tel: 866-539-8135